Every good medical first aid kit should have items that can be used to help stop bleeding, close and protect cuts, and help prevent infection from setting in. During a survival situation, where sanitation issues may become a problem, keeping your wounds clean and covered is extremely important. Infection can set in quickly, so you need to stay on top of any open wounds. James Smith has put together a list of 12 first aid kit essentials over at survivallife.com that will help with medical issues during an emergency situation.
12 Essentials for Your Survival First Aid Kit
A durable plastic case or a cloth pouch embossed with a red cross, or a green box or rucksack with a white cross, is often found in homes and in the luggage of travelers. The red or white cross is a classic and widely-known symbol of a first aid kit.
As terrible it may sound, if you aren’t equipped with the proper essentials, medical incidents can go from bad to worse. Do you want to be a helpless witness to an unpleasant injury or find your magic kit and save the day?
First aid kits are essential in survival situations, so when preparing for the unseen, make sure your first aid kit is ready. Items in a first aid kit vary according to place and use. A kit found in the nurse trolley in the hospital might contain different things than a kit at home. But the bare essentials of a kit remain same. Following are the essentials of a first aid kit:
1. Instruments to Quickly Treat an Injury
Includes a torch, a pair of tweezers, a syringe without a needle, a digital thermometer, cotton wools for applying antiseptic lotions, cotton swabs, and safety pins.
2. Over-the-Counter Medications
Common medications which are included in the first aid kit are painkillers (aspirin, paracetamol, ibuprofen or any other painkiller), medicines for symptomatic relief (anti-diarrheal, antihistamine or anti-allergy, antiemetic to stop vomiting, emetics such as syrup of ipecac to induce vomiting in case of poisonous ingestion, oral rehydration salts.) Always kits containing medication out of reach of children.
3. Adhesive Bandages in Various Sizes, Moleskins and Band-Aids for Minor Cuts and Wounds
Adhesive bandages are also called sticking plaster and are applied to wounds which are not serious enough to require a proper bandage. They are a protective barrier between wounds, cuts, abrasions and scabs and dust, damage, dirt, and bacteria. Furthermore, the bandage holds the two ends of the cut together to facilitate healing.
4. Sterile Dressings and Petrolatum Gauze Pads
These are used as an occlusive dressing to stop the bleeding, absorb any fluid emanating from the wound, remove foreign objects from the wound, prevent infection and facilitate healing.
5. Butterfly Strips
These are used to close small wounds and lacerations. They are applied to pull both ends of the cuts together. They can be used in replacement of sutures. On minor cuts and wounds, butterfly strips reduce scarring and are easier to care for than sutures.